|1. Shinkyo -the sacred bridge-
Vermilion lacquered sacred bridge; the beautiful Shinkyo is worth enough to decorate the entrance of sanctuary Nikko. The Shinkyo is also called Yamasugeno-jabashi, which means snake bridge of sedge. This bridge belongs to Futarasan Shrine and is designated as an important cultural property. In addition, Shinkyo was registered as the World Heritage in December 1999.
Shinkyo is 28 meters long, 7.4 meters wide, and located 10.6 meters above the river. Ten main pillars are built on the rail, and top of each pillar is decorated. Opposite side of the bridge girder is black lacquered, while whole other parts are vermilion lacquered.
Establishment of Shinkyo is full of mystery, but is respected as a sacred bridge. Shinkyo was rebuilt in 1636 and became today’s appearance. After that, Shinkyo had been opened to only Generals and messengers from the imperial court. Instead, temporary bridge was opened to ordinary people.
Shinkyo opened its door to the general public in 1973 for the purpose of preparing upcoming event. The event was held in 1982 for the celebration of the1200th anniversary that Mt. Nantai was enshrined in 782. Shinkyo has had a big reforming period since 1997. Shinkyo is the oldest bridge in Japan in terms of drawbridge style built over the gorge. Also, Shinkyo is known as one of the finest three bridges (Kintaikyo Bridge in Yamaguchi prefecture, Saruhashi Bridge in Yamanashi pref.) in Japan.